September 9, 2016

Types of Mortgages

It's likely that you will need a mortgage if you want to buy a home, but which kind of mortgage is the best for you? What financing options are even available? Even though buying a home can be stressful, there are a few fundamental mortgages you can choose from, whether you're doing it for the first time or have done it previously. These are the standard mortgages that Canadians can get today.

Conventional Mortgage

It is likely that you will be able to apply for a typical mortgage if your down payment is at least 20% of the buying price. You might also need to obtain home insurance, depending on the lender.

Open Mortgage

With an open mortgage, you are free to make partial payments or the entire amount due without incurring any penalties. Term duration for open mortgages typically range from six months to a year, and their interest rates are equivalent to those of closed mortgages.

Variable Rate Mortgages

Your initial variable rate mortgage payment will be determined by the lender and will include both interest and principal. Throughout the mortgage's term, these payments won't change. Your mortgage rates will fluctuate along with the market's rate. As a result, when interest rates fall, you'll notice that more of your payment is going toward paying down the principal rather than paying interest.

Capped Rate Mortgages

With capped rate mortgages, the lending institution places a limit on the variable rate. The lending organization makes guarantees that you'll never pay more than the capped interest rate notwithstanding market fluctuations with rates increasing and lowering. If you choose to pay off these mortgages in full, you will typically incur penalties.

Closed Mortgages

The closed mortgage can be a good choice if you want a little more stability in the mortgage you take out. You can fix your interest rate for the duration of the loan with a closed mortgage. Providing comfort and the advantage of cheaper rates than an open mortgage. You should select a loan for the long term if you anticipate an increase in interest rates.

Convertible Mortgage

You can choose to lock in a fixed rate for an extended period of time or continue for a short period of time with a more flexible rate when you take up a convertible mortgage with a term of six months to a year.

Reverse Mortgage

Simply, reverse mortgages give you the chance to convert the value of your home's equity into cash. You won't have to worry about selling or staying in your home during the process, but in order to be eligible for this kind of mortgage, you must be at least 62 years old. The amount of money you can borrow varies depending on the homeowner's age. The amount of money a homeowner can borrow will increase with age


In the event that you default on your mortgage payments, mortgage default insurance safeguards the lender. Any mortgage with a down payment of less than 20% of the purchase price must have it. It is frequently included in the mortgage, which means that you pay for it over the course of the loan and pay interest on it as well. Some lenders want you to pay the cost of the insurance in a separate lump sum.

If you pass away, mortgage life insurance will pay your mortgage. Your family won't have to worry about losing their home if that occurs. When the mortgage is paid off, the mortgage life insurance becomes invalid. Your premium payments won't change, but the insurance benefit will decrease to reflect the balance of your mortgage. Your mortgage provider's banking institution might give mortgage life insurance. Although the institution might provide you with a better rate if you purchase the insurance, this service is optional. According to a code of conduct, banks that offer mortgage life insurance must disclose, among other things, the specifics of the policy, the costs, and the cancellation requirements. In the event of a serious sickness or accident, mortgage disability insurance will cover your mortgage payments. If your work currently offers disability insurance, find out what additional protection you might need to make sure your mortgage payment is covered.

Term life insurance provides protection for your life up to the amount you specify, but it typically excludes coverage for illness or incapacity. Your family will receive the insurance payout in the event of your death and can use it to pay the mortgage. As long as you choose the term, coverage continues. Age, health status, financial situation, and the duration of insurance requirements are just a few of the many variables that affect term insurance costs. The price might be less than what mortgage life insurance would cost. Term life insurance is not connected to a mortgage, so when it matures, it can be applied to any other needs.


An uninsured home mortgage is referred to as a conventional mortgage. In other words, you already have a 20% down payment and just need a loan to cover the remaining 80% of the home's total purchase price. By doing this, you are excused from having to use the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation to obtain mortgage insurance (CMHC). If the home costs $500,000, you would only need a conventional mortgage with a down payment of $100,000 because you would already have the $100,000 payment on hand. You gain quick equity in your new house with a traditional mortgage loan, which is one of its main advantages. Additionally, because you already have equity in your house, lending institutions would view you as less risky to work with and be more willing to grant you loans like a home equity line of credit (HELOC).

However, a HELOC differs from a typical mortgage in that it is backed by the equity in your property. Similar to a revolving line of credit, it is yours to use whenever you need it. In contrast to a mortgage where you must make a fixed weekly, bimonthly, or monthly payment, you will only be required to make the minimum interest payment. However, there are dangers associated with HELOCs. They typically have high-interest rates, and your lender has the right to demand repayment of the entire loan amount (even if you haven't used it all) at any moment

Finally, it is best to consult with a qualified mortgage professional about the advantages and disadvantages of conventional mortgages and which option is best for you.

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